Taos and Chi Sao
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  The forms (Taos) of Wing Tsun

The WT is made up of 3 "bare hand" forms (Taos), a fourth one that is practiced using a wooden dummy and two advanced forms involving knives.

The first form is called "Siu Nim Tao", which means "small idea". It is the only static form of Wing Tsun. Nevertheless, this form comprises the essential concepts and principles of the system. A version of this form that is executed much more slowly and which is more orientated towards health and the development of the energy force exists, it is called the "Siu Nim Tao of Health". It is a true form of Chi Kung ("working with inner energy"). It is taught outside of the usual classes, during specific training courses.



The second form is called "Chum Kiu", which means "establishing the bridge" (with the opponent). It is taught as of the pupil's 3rd level. Among other things, it teaches how to move, assess distances, axis, rotations, elbow and knee strikes, punches, kicks, etc.


WT Chum Kiu


The third form is called "Biu Tzee". It is only taught as of 1st instructor level. Among other things, it develops a higher level of techniques as well as how to use energy, power and whole body movement with maximum execution force.

The "Wooden Dummy" and "Butterfly Knives" forms are respectively taught as of the 2nd and 5th instructor level.



  The Chi Sao

Many translate Chi Sao by "sticky hands" but litterally it means "energy hands". Chi Sao is seen as "the soul of Wing Tsun". You could write many pages on Chi Sao and its utility. But in just a few words, Chi Sao is a series of exercices which enables you to understands and put into use all the concepts and priciples of the system.

wt maîtres
Great Master Yip Man (left) and Bruce Lee practicing Chi Sao


Chi Sao teaches us, among other things, to feel our opponents energy, how to use his strength, find the shortest path, study the attacking angles, movement precision, develop fluidity and rapidity, etc. Chi Sao teaching starts as of the pupil's 3rd level but mastering is a (almost) never ending process!





For your reflection...

"Think big but act small."

Author unknown









WT pictureSijo Leung Ting (left) and Sigung Keith R. Kernspecht practicing Chi Sao
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